Days of Ibida Fortress

In the period 17-29 August, on the site „Ibida“ (Slava Rusă, Slava Cercheză commune), we carry out the action ”Archaeological patrimony closer to us“, by which we want to get pupils familiar with the historical patrimony,  for its knowledge and for its undertaking as part of national history as heritage and “richness” of each of us. The tourists have guided visits on site and in the warehouses from the Archeological Base where they can admire the paintings made within the project.

The tourists and pupils are initiated on these days in the history of Dobrogea and the Roman and Roman-Byzantine town Ibida, they understand what an archaeological site is, what is the path of the object discovered in the digging until its exposure in a museum, what is the importance of each object in the reconstruction of town history, how we make the documentation necessary for the restoration and reconstruction of a monument.

The pupils speak about the town to the public through text and image. A first exhibition with the drawings made on this occasion will be organized at Slava Rusă, at the Archaeological Base „Ibida“, on the occasion of Days of Ibida Town.

The event takes place on 27  – 28 August and is organized by the Institute of Eco-Museum Research Tulcea and Ibida Association, in partnership with the University „Al. I. Cuza“ Iaşi, The Archaeology Institute Iaşi, the University „Dunărea de Jos“ Galaţi, the Institute of Anthropology Bucharest.

Archaeological sites
  • TL-I-s-B-05925 Archaeological Site from the village Slava Cercheză – “La Vii”, at about 700 m N of the village Slava Cercheză, East of Viilor Hill and West of Kurt Baiîr Hill; II – III centuries p. Chr., Roman Age.
  • TL-I-m-B-05925.02 Necropola of village Slava Cercheză- “La Vii”, at about 700 m North of village Slava Cercheză, East of Hill Viilor and West of Hill Kurt Baiîr, II – III centuries p. Chr., Roman Age.
  • L-I-s-B-05924 Getic settlement of the village Slava Rusă; commune Slava Cercheză “La Lutărie”, out of the town perimeter, at the South limit of the village Slava Rusă, near the Monastery Vovidenia Latène, Geta-Dacian culture;
  • L-I-s-A-05926 Ibida Fortress in the village Slava Rusă; Slava Cercheză commune in the built-up area, central Western and Western sectors and out of built-up area W and NW , centuries IV – VI p. Chr., Roman-Byzantine Age;
  • TL-I-s-A-05927 Paleo-Christian Monastic Complex in the village Slava Rusă; Slava Cercheză commune at about 2 km SW of village Slava Rusă and 1km NNE of old rite Orthodox Monastery Uspenia, end of century IV – beginning of century VII p. Chr., Roman-Byzantine Age;

Slava Rusă is a village in the Central-Southern side of Tulcea County, in  Babadagului Plateau. It belongs to the commune Slava Cercheză. The village partially covers one of the largest Roman urban agglomerations in Dobrogea (Small Scythia), Libida (or Ibida), 24 ha (centuries II-VI A.D). We can see portions of the precinct wall, with towers, gate etc.

A vast archaeological exploration is now in progress.

  • The Lippovan Church I from the village Slava Rusa is endowed inside with a fresco of rare beauty and Spiritual Christian value. The whole building is simple bearing the imprint of the Baroque style. (01)
  • The Lippovan Church II from Slava Rusa is simple and elegant. It bears the imprint of the Baroque style with iconographic representations executed with artistry and scrupulosity. The inside of the church gives you the feeling of intimacy so necessary to feel closer to God. (02)

The religious scenes represented on the iconostasis of the church are impressive.

The church stands out by its large sizes, being located on a hill from where it dominates the landscape and blends in perfectly with the surrounding landscape. The image of the imposing church, the straggling tops of trees, the serene vault, the crystalline voice of the bell will give you inner peace.

 

  • The Church Saint Dumitru (1934) is made of stone and coated in metal sheet, has a traditional Romanian shape with a single tower. (03)(04)

From the crossroads in the point called „two cantons”, a young road starts upwards, on the Valley of   Slava River, leading to the town Slava Rusa. The spacious and beautiful houses located in the shadow of trees and vineyard vaults from the large courtyards are bathed by the smell of lime-tree forests.

The church was built at the expense of believers, with a construction committee headed by the former principal of primary school, Ion Nada who was the first and most significant heir and donor. Between 2000 and 2002 there were made external-internal repairs and beautification works by painting of Saint Church, these works were made from the donations of families Paraschiv and Brudaru, and a few believers from the village, being painted by the master Gheorghe Decu together with his son.

  • Uspenia Monastery is a settlement of monks with a community life. It is found in the town Slava Rusa, Slava Cercheza Commune. The Monastery was founded after the schism in Russian Orthodox Church (XVII century) at the time of Patriarch Nicon, when priests, monks and believers took refuge here because of the persecution. (05)(06)

The first church of the monastery made of wood was built in 1840. In 1860 another wooden and reed church was built and in 1883 the current church was built. It is the bishop residence of the Orthodox of old rite from Romania. It is the only monastery of old rite monks in the world. The divine service is in Russian.

  • Vovidenia Monastery located at 50 km from Tulcea, in the commune Slava Cercheza, was built in the 17th century, being the only old rite convent in the world. The Monastery has two churches: a large church and a small church with the patron Icon of Mother of God from Kazani. (07)(08)

Vovidenia Monastery dates back to the 17th century, when in this place came Russian monks who made a small and secluded convent with wooden cells. Not having a praying place, they deforested a place where they built a small wooden church. The abbot returned from Russia and brought with him the Sacred image of the Mother of God from Kazan where the name of the small current church originated. Not long the old rite Russian believers came here (Lippovans) who founded around these precincts the village Slava Rusă. The monks withdrew to the afforested area, where they built another wooden church on the place where Uspenia Monastery is.

Later a rich widow from Russia visited the hermitage which was deserted and after her return from Moscow together with her servant and a few nuns laid the bases of a convent and built sanctums and led a spiritual life. Following the flood of 1850 which destroyed the sanctums and only the church remained, which gave them hope and they put their trust in God, they left for Moscow and received help, they returned and built other cells on a higher place where the monastery is now.

Deployed on an area of 24 hectares, the fortress is located West of the village Slava Rusă, on the valley of the brook Slava, being the only fortress whose fortified space is crossed by a water stream and presents embankment works, sewerage, bridges. Now the fortress is covered more than half by the village Slava Rusă.

The archaeological site is extremely complex, the archaeological research carried out sporadically led to the identification of vestiges and archaeological traces from Middle Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Roman age, Roman-Byzantine age and Early Medieval Age. In the center of the fortress a basilica was discovered with three naves and three apses, 7 habitable levels, at 2,5 km West from the fortress we discovered a Paleo-Christian monastic complex and at  2,5 km East of fortress a Geta settlement was discovered. In 2001, the research revealed the assembly of Western Gate, representing a defence system and access to the fortress.

The fortress from Slavei Valley, identified by V. Pârvan with polis Ibida, mentioned by Procopius from Ceasarea between the fortresss reconstructed by Justinian (De aed. IV 7), mentioned by Theophylactus Simocata in the form Libidinon polin, is the largest from Dobrogea – with an area of 24   ha, a beltway of fortification deployed on a length of 2000 m, 24 towers and three gates. The fortress in the form preserved from Tetrarchy age, with reconstructions in Justinian times, is doubled by a fortification with area of about 3 ha on the hill Harada (in translation from Turkish “The Girl’s Fortress”), whose Northern side is common with the fortress. At altitude 158 m, on another summit, located in the extension of hill Harada, there is a fort from Roman-Byzantine age, fort which dominated the entire valley Slavei. Sporadic archaeological research since the end of 19th century led to the unveiling in the center of the fortress of a basilica with three naves and three apses, with columns and capitals of marble and pavement of polychrome mosaic, architectural uniqueness in Roman-Byzantine Dobrogea, and at the establishment of stratigraphy of the fortress (I– VII centuries p.Chr.). The archaeological research carried out in 1987 on the territory of the town revealed at about 3 km West from the fortress, a Paleo-Christian monastic complex – two basilicas with only one nave, a chapel with apsis, and different annexes surrounded by a precinct with three constructive phases, dated between the second half of the fourth century and the first half of the seventh century p. Chr. Among the pieces discovered in the monastic complex, a few are of exceptional value: the lighting vessel, the hanger for votive light or censer, a treasure of solidi (gold coins).

Other discoveries in the territory of fortress Ibida at Kurt Baiîr, Fântâna lui Bujor, Coşari, Caugagia – Turkish Cemetery, Camena, Fântâna Mare highlighted the scope and density of inhabitation of the territory of fortress Ibida, in close connection with the sizes and importance of the urban centre Slava. The resumption of systematic research since 2001 revealed other important vestiges: we examined the precinct wall in the points Curtina G and Western Gate, which revealed pillae of the anthic bridge over the River Slava, houses, sewerage system and from the necropola of Roman-Byzantine town we investigated over 60 simple graves and a Roman-Byzantine tomb.

 

The tomb of large sizes (8 x 3,5 m), built of bricks and stone slabs, made of dromos and funeral chamber, with the inside plaster worked and painted, with the floor of brick plates, served as burial place for 39 individuals of a well-to-do family from the town.